Methods and Analysis

  • prof. dr. ir. Tom Avermaete
    (+31) (0)15-278 41 92
    Room: 01 East 700

    Tom Avermaete is full professor of architecture at Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands. He has a special research interest in the public realm and the architecture of the city in Western and non-Western contexts. With the chair of Methods and Analysis he focuses on the changing roles, approaches and tools of architects. His research examines precedents -design attitudes, methods and instruments- with the explicit ambition to construct a critical base of design knowledge and to influence contemporary architectural thinking and practice.

    Avermaete is the author of Another Modern: the Post-War Architecture and Urbanism of Candilis-Josic-Woods (2005), The Balcony (with Koolhaas, 2014) and Casablanca -Chandigarh: Reports on Modernity (with Casciato, 2014). He is a co-editor of Architectural Positions (with Havik and Teerds, 2009), Colonial Modern (with von Osten and Karakayali, 2010), Structuralism Reloaded (with Vrachliotis, 2011), Making a New World (with Heynickx, 2012), Architecture of the Welfare State (with Swenarton and Van den Heuvel, Routledge, 2014) and Casablanca-Chandigarh: Reports on Modernization (with Casciato, Park Books, 2015).

    Tom Avermaete is a member of the editorial board of the peer-reviewed journals OASE Architectural Journal and the Journal of Architectural Education (JAE, until 2015) and a co-editor of the Yearbook. Architecture in the Netherlands. Avermaete is the initiator of several exhibitions, amongst others Wonen in Welvaart/ Dwelling in Welfare (Antwerpen, Belgium, 2006) and In The Desert of Modernity (Berlin 2008, Casablanca 2009).
    With the Chair of Methods and Analysis he was responsible for The Balcony gallery at the 2014 Venice Biennale. Together with Maristella Casciato he recently curated the exhibition How architects, experts, politicians, international agencies and citizens negotiate modern planning: Casablanca Chandigarh (CCA, Montreal, Canada, 2014-2015) and Lived-In. The Modern City as Performative Infrastructure (VAi/DeSingel, Antwerp, Belgium, 2015-2016).

    Participant in project: project leader of: F-1. Revisions: Changing Ideals and Shifting Realities

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  • ir. drs. Herman Prast
    +31 (0)6 2674 8545
    Room: 01 East 700

    Herman Prast first studied medicine at the Amsterdam ‘Vrije Universiteit’. After graduation he studied architecture at Delft University of Technology. He worked for Novostad (Rotterdam) and Jdrem (The Hague) and is founding partner of &Prast&Hooft (2001, Amsterdam,, an office that is primarily active in refurbishments of public interiors, offices and private dwellings. Among the projects are Harkema (2003), Shoebaloo (2005), Ysbreeker (2010) Anna (2011), United (2011), van Rijn (2012), Uurwerker (2013). Prast started working part time at the Faculty of Architecture at the University of Technology in Delft in the chair of Building Typology in 2002 and was responsible for the BSc4 designproject till 2013. For Methods and Analysis he is responsible for plananalysis in the new BSc curriculum and the BSc2 lecture series on Architecture. He was editor of 'Raadhuizen, een plandocumentatie' (2007).

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  • ir. Hans Teerds
    +31 (0)6 13461961
    Room: Room: 01 East 700

    Hans Teerds studied Architecture and Urbanism at the Delft University of Technology. After graduation, he was invited to take part in the ‘'Meesterproef 03'’, which was a Masterclass organised by the Dutch and Flemish ‘'rijksbouwmeesters'. He works currently as an independent architect, urban designer, and writer in Amsterdam on a wide range of projects. He also is a research fellow at the Faculty of Architecture at the Delft University of Technology, and currently is writing a dissertation on the public and political aspects of architecture, approached through the political and philosophical writings of the philosopher Hannah Arendt. During the fall of 2009, he was a Visiting Research Fellow of the Hannah Arendt Center for Ethical and Political Thinking of Bard College in Annandale-on-Hudson (NY/USA). He publishes frequently on architecture, urbanism and landscape, is member of the editorial boards of the architectural magazines OASE and DASH. He co-edited the anthology Architectural Positions: Architecture, Modernity and the Public Sphere (2009) and is co-author ofLevend Landschap, Manifest voor stad en land (2012).

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  • dr. ir. Klaske Havik
    (+31) (0)6 39251026
    Room: Room: 01 East 700

    Klaske Havik is architect and writer. She has developed a distinct research approach relating architectural and urban questions (such as the use, experience and imagination of place) to literary language. Her book Urban Literacy. Reading and Writing Architecture (nai010, 2014), based on her PhD research, developed a literary approach to architecture and urban regeneration, proposing the three notions description, transcription and prescription. She initiated and organised the 2nd international conference on architecture and fiction: Writingplace. Literary Methods in Architectural Research and Design (2013, publication 2016). Havik is editor of the Dutch-Belgian peer reviewed architecture journal OASE, she recently edited OASE#95 Crossing Boundaries,OASE#91 Building Atmosphere with Juhani Pallasmaa and Peter Zumthor (2013), OASE #89 Medium. The Mid-Size city as an European urban condition and strategy. (2012) and OASE#85, Productive Uncertainty (2011). With Hans Teerds and Tom Avermaete, she co-edited the anthology Architectural Positions: Architecture, Modernity and the Public Sphere (2009). As a practicing architect, Klaske Havik has been involved in the redevelopment of ship wharf NDSM in Amsterdam. Havik’s literary work appeared in Dutch poetry collections and literary magazines. Havik’s literary work appeared in Dutch and Flemish poetry collections and literary magazines such as De RevisorDWB and TERRAS.

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  • dr. ir. Willemijn Wilms Floet
    +31 (0)6 39251307
    Room: Room: 01 East 700

    ir. Willemijn Wilms Floet, assistant professor of Architecture. Degree in Architecture from TU Delft in 1988. Practicing architect 1988-2001. Teaching and researching at the TU Delft since 1990. She developed her expertise in the documentation and analysis of architectural projects, notably: A Hundred Years of Dutch Architecture (Dutch 1999, English 2002, Chinese 2008). Willemijn is the co-author of the Zakboek voor de Woonomgeving (2001) and editor of Het ontwerp van het kleine woonhuis (2005) and Architectuurgids Delft (2011). Willemijn obtained a joint PhD degree Villard d’Honnecourt from Venice Faculty of Architecture (IUAV) in 2012 and TU Delft 2014. This architectural study on the Dutch almshouse typology reveals the secrets of green courtyards hidden within the perimeter block, by means of drawing which resulted in a book ‘Het Hofje Bouwsteen van de Hollandse stad, 1400-2000’ (2016). Currently she is involved in the development of methods of plan analysis, to study precedents in-form-ing design in BSc and MSc education.

    Participation in: AP-1. The Building: Types and Models, AP-4. Mapping Randstad Holland

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  • dr. Janina Gosseye

    Janina Gosseye is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at both TUDelft (The Netherlands), where she is part of the  Methods and Analysis group and at the University of Queensland (Australia), where she is a member of the  Architecture Theory Criticism History Research Centre (ATCH). Her research focuses on the notion of collectivity in post-war architecture and is situated at the nexus of architectural theory and social and political history. In 2012, she completed her PhD on the construction of new collective spaces in post-war Flanders, entitled ‘On Common Ground? New Public and Collective Spaces in Flanders, 1950s-1970s’ at the University of Leuven (Belgium). Currently Janina researches the postwar development of shopping centres in Western Europe and Australia, for which she obtained two grants; a ‘Vidi’ grant from NWO (Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research) and a Postdoctoral Research Fellowship from the University of Queensland.

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  • dr. ir. Leonardo Zuccaro Marchi
    +39 3281119065
    Room: 01 East 700

    Leonardo Zuccaro Marchi started his research in Architecture during his Diploma at A.S.P. (Alta Scuola Politecnica), obtaining a double degree at both Politecnico di Milano and Politecnico di Torino (tutor: Professor Zucchi).  Over the years he developed a strong liking for the urban theme concerning the “Heart of the City” - the theme of the CIAM8 - from both the historical as well as the theoretical approach. His PhD research has allowed him to re-conceptualize this organic theme of the 1950s and resulted in many valid perspectives for our contemporary urban condition. In 2011 he was Collection Research Grant Recipient at CCA in Montreal. In 2013 he obtained a double PhD from both TU Delft and IUAV (Promotors: Professors  Riedijk and Viganò; Co-Promotors: Professors Avermaete and De Magistris). In 2014-15 he`s Postdoc fellow at KTH. As far as his teaching experience is concerned, he taught as tutor at the Politecnico di Milano; he`s Visiting Lecturer at TU Delft and he`s teaching also Urban Design online at UDEM, Universidad de Monterrey. Finally, both his design activity and multidisciplinary theoretical research allowed him to win the “Best 40 under 40 European Architects” awarded by the Chicago Athenaeum and the European Center in 2010. While in 2011 he was Runner-up at “Europan NL” with LAP Studio (Landscape Architecture Praxis).

    Participant in project: F-1. Revisions: Changing Ideals and Shifting Realities

    Participant in project: F-1. Revisions: Changing Ideals and Shifting Realities

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  • dr. Amina Pilav
    Room: Room: 01 East 700

    My research and practice is related to observing, visualizing, texting and spatial rethinking of contemporary war/post­war cities employing visual media(s) and architectonic materia(s). I rely on collaborative working approach, feminist perspectives in shaping and reading of the city, proposing a methodology named x-media urban analysis by working syncretically across academic fields of architecture, urban planning, art, media, film and cultural studies. With my research and work, I participated in scientific and other conferences in Italy, Portugal, Croatia, Spain, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovenia and Albania. At the Venice Bienalle of Architecture in 2014, I showed my research work “Sarajevo and self-made solutions in the context of war emergency”. I participated and conducted several workshops with citizens and architecture students: participation in residency program of “Decolonizing architecture” in Palestine (2008) or workshop leader of “Remaking our city” in Sarajevo (2012), part of international interactive art project “Bring In Take Out Living Archive”, only to mention few. She published several scientific papers and journal articles on the topic of conflict/post conflict territories and their imagination. In 2015/2016 she developed a web project called ‘Sarajevo Album’, a collective, digital album of the city as part of Actopolis – art of action project. Armina is member of Association for Culture and Art Crvena from Sarajevo.

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  • Marius Grootveld
    Room: Room: 01 East 700

  • Dominique Pieters

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  • Lilith van Assem
    Room: Room: 01 East 700

    Lilith van Assem (Alkmaar, 1980) studeerde na haar propedeuse geschiedenis aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam in 2010 cum laude af aan de Technische Universiteit Delft richting architectuur, samen met Lieke van Hooijdonk en Elsbeth Ronner. In 2008 studeerde zij aan de Esquela Tecnica Superior de Arquitectura in Madrid, Spanje. Tijdens haar studie bouwkunde was zij werkzaam bij Rooijakkers en Tomesen architecten, Ontwerpers A’dam, Artgineering in Rotterdam en als student mentor aan de TU Delft. Momenteel is Lilith actief op verschillende academies als visiting critic en gastdocent aan de TU Delft.

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  • Jules Schoonman

    Jules Schoonman studied Architecture in Delft.


  • Edwin Gardner

    I am an architect by training, but primarily working as a writer, web-editor, curator and design researcher on publications, workshops, exhibitions and online publishing. 

    I am a regular contributor to Volume magazine and collaborator of Archis. I do research on diagrammatic reasoning, cybernetic space, and computing culture, and how these impact the field of architecture, design and technological culture (third culture)

    Currently, I am a researcher at the Jan van Eyck Academie

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  • Marieke Berkers

    Marieke Berkers is an Architectural Historian (MA). She is an academic researcher, writer and lecturer. Berkers is a member of the Editorial Board of Blauwe Kamer, magazine of Landscape Architecture and Urban Design, and of the Dutch Yearbook Landscape Architecture and Urban Design. From 2011-2015 Berkers has been a member of the core team of Stad-Forum, that advises the municipality of Amsterdam on spatial matters. From 2014-2015 she has been director of the Dutch architectural e-magazine ArchiNed. As a researcher she cooperated in teams of VU University Amsterdam: researching the infrastructural developments of airport region Schiphol, Amsterdam. As a result the book Megastructure Schiphol was published. In commission of the University of Amsterdam, and embedded at Mediamatic she conducted a research project about urban development by means of organic growth. Currently she’s researching the value of an adaptive planning process for Marineterrein Amsterdam (together with bureau SLA and Vincent Kompier) and writing a collection of essays on oil, infrastructure and landscape.

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  • Kotryna Valeckaite
    +31 (0)6 41612551
    Room: 01 East 700

  • Sába Schramkó
    +31 (0)6 47874226
    Room: 01 East 700

  • Rik de Brouwer
    +31 (0)6 43453571
    Room: 01 East 700

  • Floris van der Zee

    Floris van der Zee (1987) is an architect and urban designer, as well as an academic researcher. He graduated in both Architecture and Urbanism at TU Delft (NL) in 2013. His graduation project was awarded a honourable mention. Currently he is working on a PhD research about City-Ring-Architecture. Floris worked for the offices of MONADNOCK architects in Rotterdam (NL), TRANS, architecture and urban design, in Antwerp/Ghent (BE) and HOSPER, landscape architecture and urban design, in Haarlem (NL). Furthermore, Floris works on exhibition projects focusing on the relationship between architecture and the city. He initiated and organised – in collaboration with Henk Engel – the exhibition ‘DOGMA 11 projects +1’, which was on display at the Faculty of Architecture (TU Delft) in November 2013. From oktober untill december 2015 the exhibition ‘The Hague, city without walls (?)’ is shown at STROOM, art and architecture centre in The Hague.

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  • Óscar Andrade Castro
    Room: Room: 01.east.700

    An Architecture of the pure present: the Open Work in Dutch structuralism and the Chilean Open city group

    Supervisors: prof. dr. ir. Tom Avermaete, dr. ir. Klaske Havik
    February 2019
    Participant in research group: F-1 Revisions: Changing Ideals and Shifting Realities

    He started his PhD research on 2015 at the chair of Methods & Analysis TUDelft (under professors Avermaete and Havik); concerning the mutual influence and transformations between everyday life and space, and how an architectural position on the Open Work can display new approaches to the discipline from the study of conception, materialization and performance processes in some architectural works of Dutch structuralism and the Chilean Open City group.

    During the 1950s the artistic avant-garde explorations redefined the relation between artist, artwork and audience. A decade later, Umberto Eco coined the term ‘open work’ to conceptualize this creative inquiry transversally present in several disciplines. The notion of openness transgressed the limits of interpretation, meaning and authorship accessing to multiplicity and collectiveness.

    This research aims to investigate the implications that the notion of the open work may have in architectural design and construction processes. A question that will be addressed by focusing on a particular case study: The School of Valparaiso and the Open City of Amereida in Chile. A group characterized by experiment with the productive relation between architecture and poetry, setting the architectural work in crisis as an open-ended and indeterminate horizon. The research objective is to recognize the underlying principles and concrete techniques developed in diverse projects of the group, conducted as an always renewed attempts to cope with the Rimbaudian notion of the unknown.

    Within the research methods, the investigation of the principles is mainly tackled with the archive research of the School public exhibitions, while the inquiry on the techniques is based on projects analysis informed mainly by interviews with the architects involved in their conception and materialization. In parallel, praxis-oriented actions are being carried out by taking part in the group exhibitions and projects; so to analyze their present formulations concerning the question of the Open.


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  • Jim Njoo
    Room: Room: 01.east.700

    Cedric Price: Theory in Action. Repositioning Architectural Discourse and Culture, 1950-2000

    Supervisors: prof. dr. ir. Tom Avermaete; Prof. Dr. Jean-Louis Cohen (New York University); Prof. Dr. Ir. Hilde Heynen (KU Leuven)
    November 2017
    Participant in research group: F-1 Revisions: Changing Ideals and Shifting Realities

    Jim Njoo is an architect, Associate Professor at the École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Paris-La Villette and a PhD candidate at the Delft University of Technology Department of Architecture. He was a Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA) Collection Research Grant recipient in 2015, and has taught and lectured in various academic and professional institutions in Europe, the United States, China and Japan. His research focuses on the interrelationship of theory and practice and issues of contemporary urbanity. He is also a member of the Gerphau architecture, philosophy, and urban research lab in Paris and a former collaborator of OMA Rotterdam.

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  • Robert A. Gorny
    Room: Room: 01+.oost.700

    Robert A. Gorny is founder of, a nomadic architectural agency established in 2010 that challenges the modes in which our built environment is composed. He recently finished his post-professional studies at the Berlage Center for Advanced Studies in Architecture and Urban Design (TU Delft). After receiving his Diploma in 2009 from The State Academy of Arts and Design Stuttgart, he was as a long-term freelance collaborator for SMAQ — architecture urbanism research, Berlin, and worked on independent projects, writings and art installations. In Berlin he became also an vivid member of and organized classes around his interest in the relation between architecture and subjectivation, and on the notion of 'assemblage'. Currently he is a research assistant at the Berlage, TU Delft, and Guest teacher at the Chair of Methods and Analysis. In parallel he is preparing his doctoral research on the 'Genesis of Apartments' over the course of modernity.

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  • Stefano Milani
    +31 (0)681286840
    Room: Room: 01.Oost.430

    Drawing Matters. The Absence and the Presence of Drawing in the Contemporary Architectural Project

    Supervisors: prof. dr. ir. Tom Avermaete; S. Umberto Barbieri (Professor Emeritus)
    February 2017
    Participant in research group: AP-3. Borders & Territories

    This research aims to reaffirm the centrality of the drawing within the architectural project, and its theory, in a moment in which this relationship is undergoing radical and irreversible transformations regarding both techniques and practices. More specifically, the research argues that drawing nowadays seems to have lost its finality and its theoretical poignancy, being suspended between a condition of objectivity and instrumentality, as image and information, as communication and as science.

    The architectural drawing is neither understood as only a tool or as an instrument nor as an illustration of an architectural object nor as a representation of a design process, but rather in its primary character of being a specific form of architectural thought.

    Central to this research is the discussion of the writings and works (both theoretical drawing series and projects) of the Italian architect Franco Purini; a body of work which is theoretically founded and, more precisely, theoretically founded through drawing. An extensive analysis and elaboration of this work is considered as pivotal to single out and convey a number of theoretical aspects of the contemporary architectural project within a well-established idea of “drawing.”

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  • Stavros Kousolas

  • Michiel Smits

    Inhabitant Inclusive Housing Design Support Tool

    Research Summary:Experience gathered working as a volunteer architect in rural Africa since 2004, proved western architectural education unsufficient to work sustainably in developing countries for the bottom of the pyramid (BoP). As problem case this research investigates how single - family housing (SFH) designed by the architect in rural Sub - Saharan Africa, reveals spatial and material unsuitability in relation to the user's living environment. The research intends to describe a support tool for the architect to be able to sustain the inhabitant self - reliance in relation to the ir built environment.

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  • Sitong Lu

    Supervisors: Tom Avermaete, Saskia de Wit

    Sitong Luo was born in Lanzhou, China. She studied bachelor of landscape architecture at Beijing Forestry University and finished her master of Landscape Architecture in architecture school of TU Delft. Her research interest is place quality of landscape, including both physical condition and sensory perception. In her master thesis, the research interest developed into the inquiry of metropolitan interstitial spaces. Taking post-industrial city Duisburg as the case study area, series of field work, mapping and experimental design were developed to explore the design language in reposed to the unique place quality of interstice. In the forthcoming PhD research, Sitong will continue dig into the interstice: will the void spaces, being regarded as the vehicle to provoke meaning both in the field of architecture and urbanism, recover place identity in the homogeneous modern city?

  • Wen Wen Sun

    Supervisors: Tom Avermaete, Maurice Harteveld

    Wenwen Sun was born in Shenyang, China. She obtained an MSc degree in Urbanism at the Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology with the topic of “Design as a Mediating Instrument” that discusses urban design processes with different actors involved. Her research and practice is related to public space and late modern urban design in a different cultural sphere. Wenwen relies on cross-culture working approach proposing an exchange of knowledge and principles between East and West by working syncretically across academic fields of architecture and urbanism. During her doctoral research, Wenwen will develop a research project ‘Enabling ordinary urban public life in the practice of urban design in Northern Chinese capitals - a review on the public’ with aim to fill the gap in the field of knowledge on urban design from a local Chinese understanding of public sphere and public space.

  • Piero Medici

  • Birgitte Louise Hansen

    The Public Interiors of Hospitals. An Architectural Reading of a Danish Hospital Made Between 1963 and 1975

    Supervisors: prof. dr. ir. Tom Avermaete, Tony Fretton
    July 2016
    Participant in research group: F-1 Revisions: Changing Ideals and Shifting Realities

    This research departs from the hypothesis that while public interiors of hospitals might be conceptually simple, they are in reality complex constructions interwoven with multiple meanings and possible interpretations. The public interiors of hospitals are not merely concerned with healing and treatment, but contain amongst others political issues, economical interests, social and cultural values and psychological dramas, which directly or indirectly inform the architectural design of the interior.

    The nature of the investigation will be descriptive and analytical and aims at a historical and socio-cultural contextualization of the public interior of a Danish hospital designed and built between 1963 and 1975. It is an object-based examination of how concepts and ideas have informed the architectural means by which the hospital environment was constructed. The objective of the research is to investigate and discuss the relation between these concepts and ideas and the built environment in their historical development and to compare this with the current healthcare situation.

    The study is a combination of interpretative historical analysis and case study analysis (archival studies, formal analysis and oral history).

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  • Mark Pimlott

    The Very Large, Extensive Interior. The Development and Ideologies of an Architectural Typology and its Significance within Contemporary Architectural Production.

    Supervisors: prof. dr. ir. Tom Avermaete; Tony Fretton
    September 2017
    Participant in research group: AP-1 The Building: Types and Models 

    The very large, extensive interior is a distinct typology, used in designs of buildings for a mass public. Its manifestations, in shopping malls and casinos, airports, museums and even urban centers, are presented as worlds in themselves, aspiring to the condition of environments. Extensive large pedestrian networks, “rich” contents, porous boundaries and seamless connections to local infrastructures are emblematic of the type, which achieves its objective (the processing of its users to various ends) at the expense of everything exterior to it, offering unhindered, “free” movement, in sheltered, tempered and artificial environments.

    The intention of this research is to link the development of the typology with ideological intentions toward place, inscribed in legislation and in architectural projections for spaces for the mass public. Characteristically, the type is deployed in order to condition the behavior of its users. It projects, however, an atmosphere of freedom. It has proliferated globally, and exercises a profound effect on the treatment of the public interior within contemporary architectural production. Furthermore, the type’s topological characteristics attract the ongoing attentions ofavant-garde architects, whose rhetoric dissociates its topological attributes from its latent ideology.

    The study consists of an examination of the typology itself; an exposition of its ideological foundations; and demonstrations of its influence upon contemporary architectural discourse and production.


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  • Esin Komez

    An Inquiry into Architectural Contextualism

    Supervisors: Michiel Riedijk; Tom Avermaete 
    December 2016
    Participant in research group: F-Q Revisions: Changing Ideals and Shifting Realities

    Contemporary architectural practice is mainly characterized by the design of iconic buildings, gated communities, themed environments, and generic apartment blocks that are indifferent to their physical, social, cultural, and historical urban contexts. Proliferated by the economical and political impacts of globalization, buildings became objects of “commodity” where the “specificities” of the urban contexts have been ignored extensively. Although these problems are calling for a renewed critical interest on context-debate in the field of architecture, there is hardly a response to it by the practitioners, theorists, critics, etc.


    Context debate was developed in the field of architecture in the early 1950s as a dense multi-layered body of discussion shaped mainly by the criticism of the main manifestations of the orthodox Modern Architecture (as seen in early writings of Robert Venturi and Ernesto Rogers) and evolved into contextualism in the 1960s and 1970s as a more systematic design approach (such as Colin Rowe’s contextu(r)alism). Trapped in postmodern formalism and historicism in the 1980s, contextualism and/or context debate has majorly been avoided in critical architectural discourse since (where Koolhaas’ “fuck context” statement has become a motto).


    The aim of the research is to frame a new fertile ground for a productive debate on the problems of contemporary architectural practices by developing a critical, enriching, and generative understanding of context and contextualism. In order to achieve this, the inner-complexity of the context debate has to be revealed and the notion has to be relieved from the attributions that contaminate it. Therefore, the research will map the “birth”, “evolution”, and “death” of context discussion in postwar architectural theory by unfolding the debate from the 1980s to the 1950s.

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  • Negar Sanaan Bensi

    Rethinking the architecture of the Bazaar

    Supervisors: Riedijk; Tom Avermaete; Marc Schoonderbeek 
    December 2016
    Participant in research group: AP-3. Borders & Territories

    Main question:  How the architecture of bazaar can be studied in relation to the changing notion of the Iranian city?  

    Research Summary: This research, through rethinking the architecture of Iranian bazaar as a territorial entity, its whatness and whyness, aims at addressing the relation between architecture, infrastructure and ways of life within the context of Iranian city. By conceptualizing the bazaar as an inhabitable infrastructure, I propose a critical reading on bazaar’s primary spatial idea and its transformation until today. The intermediate position of the bazaar, its relation to the territory and being a fore of public and collective, movement and place, architecture and city, deviates the study of the bazaar from pure typological or urban morphological studies and demands a simultaneous attention to the people as well as the numerous interrelation within its environment to be able to comprehend the changing nature and the reality of the bazaar through the time. This means the possibility of a generic structure which might respond to various enquiries. An infrastructure within the architecture of city which enables, on one hand, the connection, integration as well as confrontation within the city and on the other hand, establishing a relation through the unfolding of its economic administration.  

    Research Methodology: The research combines the archive and interpretive- historical study with certain case studies (as an object oriented research). While the use of primary materials ( literary and representative) are considered of importance. To develop a proper theoretical framework related to the context of study, parallel to the literary and historical research, the similar case studies are being studied.

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  • Oliver Sack

    Shaping Spaces - Creating Spatial Relations. On the socio-spatial aesthetics of space formation

    Supervisors: prof. ir. Dick van Gameren; prof. dr. ir. Tom Avermaete
    December 2016
    Participant in research group: F-1 Revisions: Changing Ideals and Shifting Realities

    Ancient theater at Epidaurus, Greece


    This research deals with the part of spatial design that comprises the immediate forming and structuring of physically defined spaces, which is the formation of space.


    As a starting point the research takes the argument that, in particular at a space-forming level, the socio-spatial purpose of architecture, which is to materialize a social organization of space, is made aesthetically effective. It is from this basis that space-formation, in turn, acquires its fundamental architecture-artistic significance.

    The argument is placed in the context of architectural history and leads to the comparative analysis and critical discussion of the following architecture-theoretical assessments of space and spatial design: a) various ’art-scientific’ concepts of space-formation at the beginning of the 20th century (August Schmarsow et al.), b) the conception of Walter Gropius as a protagonist of the movement of ’Neues Bauen’ and c) the conception of Aldo van Eyck as a protagonist of Dutch structuralism.

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  • Andreas Kalpacki